Geoglossum glutinosum Pers. : Fr.
Conservation status. Critically Endangered [CR B1ab(ii,iii,iv)+2ab(ii,iv)].
Morphology and biology. Fruit-bodies (apothecia) straight, almost cylindrical, 2–6 cm high with cylindrical, glutinous, brownish-black stalk, 2–4 × 0.2–0.3 cm and with oblong lanceolate, more or less compressed fertile part above, taking ⅓ of all length of apothecia, 0.5–1 cm wide, with cartilaginous-fleshy consistency, smooth, mucous, glutinous, brown or brown black. Spores almost cylindrical, 60–90 × 4–5 µm with 6–11 septa, at first hyaline, later brown. VIII–X.
Habitats and populations. On soil among mosses in grasslands and along the roads.
Distribution in Bulgaria. Thracian Lowland (above the village of Karavelovo).
General distribution. Europe, North America.
Threats. Habitat changes as result of agriculture activities (crops, livestock), atmospheric and land pollution, drought, global warming.
Conservation measures taken. Included in the Red List of Fungi in Bulgaria.
Conservation measures needed. Research into the species biology and ecology; inclusion in the National biodiversity monitoring system; preservation of the locality of the species.
References. Hinkova & Stoichev 1983; Gyosheva et al. 2006.
Author: Evtimiya Dimitrova